This article features the Top 10 Database Software that are being recognized and used by the different types of businesses worldwide for their operations.
The database is defined as the organized collection of the data which is stored and acquired electronically from the computer. Database Software is defined as the term which is used to describe the software that was designed to create the databases and controls the information stored in them. It is intended for creating, storing, extracting, searching, managing and modifying the data within the database. Therefore it has widespread use, so there are dozens of the database software’s available.
Main functions of the Database Software are
- Data backup and recovery
- Database communication
- Data presentation
- Data security
- Data storage
There are mainly 6 subtypes of the Database Software data warehouse database software, end-user database software, external database software, distributed database software, analytical database software, and operational database software.
This was the basic information about the database software. Now, we will have a look at the top 10 database software and will study them in detail.
TOP 10 DATABASE SOFTWARE
Oracle was the first database software designed ever for enterprise grid computing, which is the most flexible and effective way to manage the data or information. It is also known as the Oracle RDBMS. It is the choice of most of the successful companies because of its security options as well as its efficient database management. The main purpose of this database software is to store and recover the related information. It is the key to solve the difficulties in information management. Oracle database has logical as well as the physical structures.
It is the multi-model database software system and is marketed by the Oracle Corporation. It is used for Data warehousing, runs online transaction processes and also handles the mixed database workloads. It has an efficient database management options and also has the security options in it. It is one of the best Database Management System products with efficient database applications.
PROS AND CONS
- It has a lot of database developers, so it is very easy to hire.
- It will do almost everything that you want to do and that you also expect from it.
- APEX is an amazing tool for database developers.
- It is a relational database with a mathematical basis.
- A lot of the front- end developers think that it is obsolete and nobody uses it.
- It has crappy documentation. This means that this software cannot tell how many times a person has followed their online tutorials.
- Their websites are hideous, and salespeople are extremely unpleasant.
2. MICROSOFT SQL SERVER
The history of this database software starts with the SQL Server 1.0, the 16-bit server (first Microsoft SQL Server product launched in 1989). It is a relational DBMS started by Microsoft, which supports a large number of the transaction processing, analytics application in the corporate IT environment. It has the relational engine which processes the commands and handles the queries and also has a storage engine which manages the database tables, Pages transactions etc.
It is a software product whose major function is to store and retrieve the data as requested by any other software applications. These applications can either run on the same computer or on a different computer. It is a three- market-leading database software along with IBM’S DB2 and Oracle.
It is also in widespread use in the business or professionals world because it can store and manage the sensitive customer information such as credit card details or any other confidential information with full security. The system allows data sharing in the same network. It is also used to increase the speed with which the data can be processed easily and also allows all the operations to execute easily. This database software also has a reliable backup system.
PROS AND CONS
- It is very simple to install and arrange this database software.
- Many advanced options like compression etc. are already present in it, which reduces the overall TCO.
- It is a free developed edition with all of the enterprise features present in it.
- It has the data recovery option through the data can be retrieved back in case of the data corruption.
- The main disadvantage of this software is that the hardware needs to be changed when the new version is available.
- It has extremely complex performance tuning features.
- Don’t have any native support for the source control.
- Expensive and very complicated licensing
It is an RDBMS database management system which is very flexible and easy to use. This database software is developed by the David Axmark and the Michael Widenius in 1994. This database is pronounced as “My Ess Que Ell”, or it can also be pronounced as “my sequel”. MySQL is an Oracle- backed RDMS which is totally based upon the SQL. It mostly runs on Windows, Linux, and UNIX. This database software is an important component of the open-source enterprise stack ‘LAMP’. MySQL is written on C and C++. It is developed, supported and distributed by the Oracle Corporation. It is a very powerful program and handles the very large subsets of the functionality of the powerful packages. There are many uses of the MySQL database management system. Some of them are discussed below.
- It works on the many languages like C, C++, PHP etc. and on the many operating systems.
- It is associated with online publishing and web applications.
- It provides the transnational as well as the non- transnational storage engines.
- It also supports the in-memory heap table and handles the large databases.
- It can handle even the very large set of the databases much faster than the existing solutions.
- It supports the large databases with 50 million rows, or it can be more in the table.
- It works in the client/ server or embedded systems which consists of the multithreaded SQL server and supports the different back ends and other different client programs and the libraries.
MySQL software is mostly used by some of the major websites like Wikipedia, Flickr, you Tube, Facebook etc. It is also used by the WordPress, Joomla etc. and by a large number of web developers worldwide.
PROS AND CONS
- Its products remain solid ever.
- Easy and flexible to use.
- Very fast and reliable DB.
- It is designed with a focus on the Web and Big Data.
- There are many more MySQL projects than more.
- It is storing relational data.
- Quick management and quick processing.
- I t is not as mature as the other RDBMS.
- It is not a community-driven instead is owned by the Oracle.
- It is an open-source DMS.
4. POSTGRE SQL
This Database software was first developed by the Computer Science Professor Michael Stonebraker along with his team. PostgreSQL SQL is advanced, powerful open-source relational database software which supports both relational as well as the non- relational queries. It can support many of the advanced data types as well as the level of performance optimization, which is common among its commercial database counterparts. This database software has a very strong reputation for its proven architecture, data integrity, extensibility and the strong dedication of the open-source community behind the software to deliver innovative solutions and ideas.
It is widely used by 4336 companies in their tech stacks (Netflix, Instagram). It is used as a primary data warehouse for mobile, web, analytics applications etc. It aims to help to build applications and administrators to protect data integrity. It also manages the data no matter how big the data-set is. It acts as the default database for the mac OS server and is available for the LINUX, windows etc. It tries to conform with the SQL standard where it does not contradict with the traditional features and can lead to poor architectural decisions.
Now, let us see the list of the various features found in the Postgre SQL (with more added in it in every release
- Data Types
- Document: JSON, JSONB, XML.
- Geometry: Font, Line, Polygon, Circle.
- Customization: Composite, Custom types.
- Structured: Date, Time, Array, QUID, Range.
- Concurrency, Performance
- Advanced Indexing: GiST, SP-Gist, KNN Gist, Covering Indexes etc.
- Transactions, Nested Transactions
- MVCC (Multi-Version Concurrency Control)
- The just-in-time complication of expressions.
- Parallelization of read queries and building B- tree indexes.
- Stored functions and procedures.
- SQL, JSON path expressions.
- Customizable storage interface for tables.
- Many extensions that provide additional functionality.
- Procedural Languages: PL, PGSQL, Perl, Python.
- Data Integrity
- Primary keys
- Foreign keys
- Exclusion Constraints
- Explicit Locks, Advisory Looks
- UNIQUE, NOT NULL\
- Robust access- control system
- Column and row-level security
- Multi-factor authentication with the certificates and an additional method
- Reliability, Disaster Recovery
- Write- ahead Logging (WAL)
- Replication: Asynchronous, Synchronous, Logical
- Point-in-time-recovery, active standbys
- Internationalization, Text Search
- Support for the international character sets
- Case- insensitive and accent- insensitive collation
- Full- text search
The productivity of the Oracle database s more because of its technical superiority. Oracle provides more transactions than PostgreSQL SQL database. That’s why it is less productive than the oracle database.
PROS AND CONS
- PostgreSQL SQL database supports JSON.
- A large number of interfaces are available.
- It has a large variety of predefined functions.
- Speed may be affected badly dur8ing the large bulk operations.
- Configurations can be confusing.
5. MICROSOFT ACCESS
It is a DBMS from the Microsoft which combines relational Microsoft Jet Database Engine with a graphical user interface and software development tools. It just a small part of the overall DNM product strategy which stores the data in its own format which is totally based upon the Access Jet Database Engine. It allows us to link all the related information easily and can also link directly to the data stored in the other databases. This database software can work directly with the data of the other sources, which includes the popular PC database programs, on minicomputers and also with the data stored on the intranet web servers. Through this database software, we can export and import the data from the database files, spreadsheets etc.
To use MS Access, we will follow the major four steps as
- Database Creation.
- Data input
In this, Database creation means to create the MS Access Database and tell us which kind of data we can store in it. After this step, the required data will be entered in the created Access Database from which the desired information can be retrieved using the Queries. At last, this entered information is arranged in a nice presentation that can be printed in the Access Database.
Now, we will discuss the major components of Microsoft Access.
There are seven major components which are used to make Microsoft Access
- TABLESThese are the storage containers of the data/ information stored in the database. If the tables are not correctly made, then the database will work slow and will give out the wrong or inappropriate results which you have not expected from it. So, give a bit more time while making the tables because all the queries, forms etc. are totally based upon these tables. These tables look similar to the tables that we create in the Microsoft Excel or Microsoft Word etc. because they have similar rows and columns containing the appropriate amount of data in them. The columns will have the Field Name at the top, and the rows will contain the appropriate data/ record in them.
- RELATIONSHIPSThese are bonds that are built in between the tables which joins the tables that have the elements associated with them.
- QUERIESIt is the way to manipulate the data in such a way that it can be displayed in a form/report. The function of the queries is to join the tables, update or delete the data and can also be used to do calculations or to sort the data. The language used in the Microsoft Access Database query is the SQL. The Microsoft Access will write for you in the SQL language in a well-designed view when you will tell your desires to it.
- FORMSIt is the primary phase through which the data can be entered by the user, and a user will regularly interact with it while entering the data. They can be set up and can be developed to reflect the use that will be required. We can set the forms to sow the data which is required.
- REPORTSIt is the result that you will get when the data that you have entered is manipulated. These cannot be edited again and again. These are used when we have to output the data to any other device/ application.
- MACROSIt is an automatic way to carry out all the actions for any database. It van open the forms, can also handle the queries; can run the other macros etc.
- MODULESIt is the base of the programming language that supports the Microsoft Access software. In this window, you can write and store the VBA (Visual Basic of Application). Advanced users use the VBA instead of the Macros.
PROS AND CONS
- It is very easy to use, install and integrate.
- It offers a large storage capacity.
- It makes it very easy to import the data.
- It can be easily afforded because of the low price and sometimes it is free for some businessman.
- It is a fine database which saves all the data in a single file.
- It is very difficult to incorporate the multimedia data in Microsoft Access.
- There is a learning curve that needs to be followed.
- The multi-window operating system can corrupt the database easily.
It is one of the RDBMS which is used for building the data warehousing applications on a large scale. In 1979, the Tera data was incorporated, and in 1984, the first database computer DBC/1012 was released. Later on, in 1986, Teradata was named as the ‘Product of the Year’ by the Fortune Magazine. The largest database in the world was released using the Teradata having 130 terabytes (in 1999). After a few years, in 2008, Teradata 13.0 was released with the help of the Active data warehousing. Similarly, Teradata 14.0 and Teradata 15.0 were released in 20102 and 2014, respectively. Now let us discuss some of the common features of this software.
Features of the Teradata
- This database system is totally based upon the MPP Architecture (Massively Parallel Processing). Teradata splits the big tasks into the small ones among its processes and runs them parallel so that every task should be completed quickly.
- Teradata Architecture is also known as the Shared Nothing Architecture. Teradata nodes, it’s AMP, and all the disks related to it works independently. They are not shared with anyone else.
- Its system can scale up to 2048 nodes (highly scalable). This means you can double its capacity by doubling the number of the AMP.
- It supports the standard SQL so that it can interact with the data stored in the tables.
- It can be connected with channels-attached systems such as a mainframe.
- It automatically distributed the data equally among the disks without any kind of manual intervention.
- It provides robust utilities to import or export the data to/from the Teradata system.
In the Teradata, the primary index is used to check where the data resides in the system. It is the fastest way to access the data and have a maximum of 64 columns in it. It is also used to specify which AMP gets the data row.
7. IBM DB2
It is a relational database management system which is designed to deliver the high performance, data reliability and availability and also supports the UNIX, LINUX etc. This software has advanced features like advanced management and development tools, actionable compression and continuous data availability, storage optimization etc. DB2 is a database product obtained from IBM. This product is developed by IBM from its specific platform. DB2 is designed to store, retrieve and analyze the data effectively and efficiently in 1990. It was decided to develop the UDB (Universal Database) DB2 server which runs on the operating systems like LINUX, Windows etc. The current version of the UDB for the IBM DB2 is 10.5, which is having the features of the BLU Acceleration and its code name is “KEPLER’. There are the various versions of the DB2 released till now such as 3.4 (code – Cobweb), 8.1 and 8.2 (code – Stinger), 9.1 (code – Viper), 9.5 (code – Viper 2), 9.7 (code – Cobra), 9.8, 10.1 (code – Galileo).
DB2 belongs to the family of the Data Management Products, which also includes the database servers developed literally by IBM. They support the relational model as well as the object-relational features and the non- relational structures like XML, JSON etc. Earlier its name was styled as DB/2 and then was named as DB2 and now finally changed to its present form. As studied before about the DB2 database management tools, it provides us with the complete DBA suite for advanced performance, administration and the common interface to manage both z/OS and DB2 LUW. Before using the IBM DB2 software, ensure that it is installed and configured properly using Web Sphere Commerce. It a rock-solid database and a great alternative to the Oracle type of the database.
PROS AND CONS
- The performance of this database software is exceptional and is improved with the release of every new version.
- The reliability of this database is probably its biggest asset.
- It is a rock-solid database.
- A better alternative to Oracle database software.
- Extremely stable database software
- BLU Acceleration can make most of the available resources for the databases.
- Multiple jobs can run at a time using the Task Scheduler.
- Basic support is available for three years only. After three years, you have to pay for it.
- It is really too costly. Hence, its cost is out of the budget for the smaller organizations or the individuals.
- Lacks in marketing by IBM.
In 1981, Informix was released by the RDS AND Inc. By 1986, with the development of the RDBMS market, its name was changed to the Informix Corporation. From 1997 to 2000, Informix has rebuilt their image and the network with the solid products and the significant acquisitions, which includes the data companies. It is a fast, flexible and versatile database which has the ability to integrate the SQL, JSON and spatial data. Along with the self- managing capabilities, this database software is well suited for data management solutions. Maximum clients from the world’s best, reputed companies depend upon the Informix software for their work. It is a Relational Database Management software which was whose database product was acquired in 2001 by the IBM and is also known as the IBM Informix. It provides us with the data type extensions which are not already present in the basic SQL specifications. Time series and the spatial data types are present in the current versions, which allow it to optimize storage for the extended data types and the high-performance query models. Informix supports very high transaction rates and provides with the uptime characteristics that are needed for the mission-critical applications. It also targets the Internet-of-the-things solution where the data handling requirements are managed with the gateways and also connects the servers and the devices to the internet connection. Its server supports the object-relational model, which offers the extensions and supports the data types which are not available in the Basic SQL standard. Now let us study some of the key features of the Informix Software.
- Real-time analytics It helps us in the transnational power workload easily, which enables the analytics-driven insights quickly.
- Fast and always on the transactions It has high availability data replication. The grid feature enables the rolling upgrades with the no outages.
- This software offers easy development features which are used to implement the event-driven processing and the database push notifications. Thus allows us to focus on one’s core business.
- SIMPLICITY It is the simple and the non- disruptive software which has the self-managing capabilities that make it an ideal data management solution.
PROS AND CONS
- It has excellent data warehouse performance from the basic engine.
- It has the best embeddability among all the major RDBMS software.
- It is highly available, and tables and the parts of the tables can be replicated.
- It is extremely stable software and runs for many years.
- It has the extended replication system, which is very useful for other functionalities.
- It is easy to maintain and is highly embeddable.
- The pricing policies are very complex.
- It is expensive for the top editions.
- Its name is almost invisible in the market, which is extremely frustrating for the customers, as well as the clients, form the well-reputed companies.
9. SAP ASE
It is an RDBMS system which was designed in 1987 for the UNIX platform with the help of the Sybase SQL Server. Earlier it was named as the Sybase ASE, and later on, it was again renamed when the SAP bought Sybase. It is used for online transaction management. It is a high-performance SQL server which uses the relational management model that is used to meet the rising demands, reliability and efficiency in the industry. It also handles the transaction-based applications such as in banking, in finance works and also supports the concurrent users.
PROS AND CONS
- It is highly reliable and easily available.
- Have a high performance.
- It monitors all the threshold-based events.
- It has high security at multiple levels.
- Have the query plan optimization
- In this database software, we need to use the external keys v/s the internal keys for the better separation of the duties.
10. AMAZON’S SimpleDB
It is a NoSQL data store that unloads the work of the database administration. It is a highly available and flexible database software with very less or no burden. It creates and manages many geographical distributed replicas of the data automatically to enable the data durability. By using this Database Software, we can focus on the application development without worrying about the infrastructure, index management, high availability, etc.
- It automatically manages the software and the hardware management, replication, performance tuning etc.
- It has high durability and availability in the unlikely events.
- This software is highly flexible and very easy to use. The server allows quickly adding, editing or retrieving of the data through the simple sets of the API calls.
- It provides the HTTP endpoints to provide the security and the encrypted communication among the clients and the applications etc.
- It is easily affordable by everyone, and we have to pay only for the resources that we consume in actually. You don’t have to pay for the compute resources that you are not actively using.
Amazon SimpleDB sets and forgets the data logs that can be used for various purposes such as
- The trend of the business analysis
- Regulation compliance
There are three main facts that make this database software an attractive data store for the data logs. These three points are Zero Administration, cost-efficient and central along with the high availability.
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